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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Feb;1809(2):97-108. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2010.08.009. Epub 2010 Aug 26.

Distinct regulatory mechanisms of eukaryotic transcriptional activation by SAGA and TFIID.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Southern Illnois University School of Medicine, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA. sbhaumik@siumed.edu

Abstract

A growing number of human diseases are linked to abnormal gene expression which is largely controlled at the level of transcriptional initiation. The gene-specific activator promotes the initiation of transcription through its interaction with one or more components of the transcriptional initiation machinery, hence leading to stimulated transcriptional initiation or activation. However, all activator proteins do not target the same component(s) of the transcriptional initiation machinery. Rather, they can have different target specificities, and thus, can lead to distinct mechanisms of transcriptional activation. Two such distinct mechanisms of transcriptional activation in yeast are mediated by the SAGA (Spt-Ada-Gcn5-Acetyltransferase) and TFIID (Transcription factor IID) complexes, and are termed as "SAGA-dependent" and "TFIID-dependent" transcriptional activation, respectively. SAGA is the target of the activator in case of SAGA-dependent transcriptional activation, while the targeting of TFIID by the activator leads to TFIID-dependent transcriptional activation. Both the SAGA and TFIID complexes are highly conserved from yeast to human, and play crucial roles in gene activation among eukaryotes. The regulatory mechanisms of eukaryotic transcriptional activation by SAGA and TFIID are discussed here. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled The 26S Proteasome: When degradation is just not enough!

PMID:
20800707
PMCID:
PMC3018551
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbagrm.2010.08.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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