Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetes. 2010 Nov;59(11):2972-9. doi: 10.2337/db10-0699. Epub 2010 Aug 26.

HLA class I and genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes: results from the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium.

Author information

1
Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, USA. jnoble@chori.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We report here genotyping data and type 1 diabetes association analyses for HLA class I loci (A, B, and C) on 1,753 multiplex pedigrees from the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium (T1DGC), a large international collaborative study.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Complete eight-locus HLA genotyping data were generated. Expected patient class I (HLA-A, -B, and -C) allele frequencies were calculated, based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns with observed HLA class II DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 haplotype frequencies. Expected frequencies were compared to observed allele frequencies in patients.

RESULTS:

Significant type 1 diabetes associations were observed at all class I HLA loci. After accounting for LD with HLA class II, the most significantly type 1 diabetes-associated alleles were B*5701 (odds ratio 0.19; P = 4 × 10(-11)) and B*3906 (10.31; P = 4 × 10(-10)). Other significantly type 1 diabetes-associated alleles included A*2402, A*0201, B*1801, and C*0501 (predisposing) and A*1101, A*3201, A*6601, B*0702, B*4403, B*3502, C*1601, and C*0401 (protective). Some alleles, notably B*3906, appear to modulate the risk of all DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 haplotypes on which they reside, suggesting a class I effect that is independent of class II. Other class I type 1 diabetes associations appear to be specific to individual class II haplotypes. Some apparent associations (e.g., C*1601) could be attributed to strong LD to another class I susceptibility locus (B*4403).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that HLA class I alleles, in addition to and independently from HLA class II alleles, are associated with type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
20798335
PMCID:
PMC2963558
DOI:
10.2337/db10-0699
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center