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Leukemia. 2010 Oct;24(10):1676-85. doi: 10.1038/leu.2010.177. Epub 2010 Aug 26.

Genomic profiling of high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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Department of Pathology, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a heterogeneous disease comprising multiple subtypes with different genetic alterations and responses to therapy. Recent genome-wide profiling studies of ALL have identified a number of novel genetic alterations that target key cellular pathways in lymphoid growth and differentiation and are associated with treatment outcome. Notably, genetic alteration of the lymphoid transcription factor gene IKZF1 is a hallmark of multiple subtypes of ALL with poor prognosis, including BCR-ABL1-positive lymphoid leukemia and a subset of 'BCR-ABL1-like' ALL cases that, in addition to IKZF1 alteration, harbor genetic mutations resulting in aberrant lymphoid cytokine receptor signaling, including activating mutations of Janus kinases and rearrangement of cytokine receptor-like factor 2 (CRLF2). Recent insights from genome-wide profiling studies of B-progenitor ALL and the potential for new therapeutic approaches in high-risk disease are discussed.

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