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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2010 Nov;299(5):R1263-8. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00649.2009. Epub 2010 Aug 25.

High-protein-induced glomerular hyperfiltration is independent of the tubuloglomerular feedback mechanism and nitric oxide synthases.

Author information

1
Dept. of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala Univ., Biomedical Center, Box 571, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden. johan.sallstrom@mcb.uu.se

Abstract

A high protein intake is associated with increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which has been suggested to be mediated by reduced signaling of the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mechanism. Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to contribute to high protein-induced glomerular hyperfiltration, but the specific NO synthase (NOS) isoform responsible is not clear. In this study, a model for high-protein-induced hyperfiltration in conscious mice was developed. Using this model, we investigated the role of TGF using adenosine A(1)-receptor knockout mice lacking the TGF mechanism. Furthermore, the role of the different NOS isoforms was studied using neuronal-, inducible-, and endothelial-NOS knockout mice, and furthermore, wild-type mice acutely administered with the unspecific NOS inhibitor N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (100 mg/kg). GFR was measured consecutively in mice given a low-protein diet (8% casein) for 10 days, followed by a high-protein diet (50% casein) for 10 days. All mice developed high protein-induced hyperfiltration to a similar degree. These results demonstrate that high protein-induced glomerular hyperfiltration is independent of the TGF mechanism and NOS isoforms.

PMID:
20739607
DOI:
10.1152/ajpregu.00649.2009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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