Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2010 Nov 5;285(45):34850-63. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.167668. Epub 2010 Aug 25.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Homoserine lactone activates store-operated cAMP and cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-dependent Cl- secretion by human airway epithelia.

Author information

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3200, USA.


The ubiquitous bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently causes hospital-acquired infections. P. aeruginosa also infects the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and secretes N-(3-oxo-dodecanoyl)-S-homoserine lactone (3O-C12) to regulate bacterial gene expression critical for P. aeruginosa persistence. In addition to its effects as a quorum-sensing gene regulator in P. aeruginosa, 3O-C12 elicits cross-kingdom effects on host cell signaling leading to both pro- or anti-inflammatory effects. We find that in addition to these slow effects mediated through changes in gene expression, 3O-C12 also rapidly increases Cl(-) and fluid secretion in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR)-expressing airway epithelia. 3O-C12 does not stimulate Cl(-) secretion in CF cells, suggesting that lactone activates the CFTR. 3O-C12 also appears to directly activate the inositol trisphosphate receptor and release Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), lowering [Ca(2+)] in the ER and thereby activating the Ca(2+)-sensitive ER signaling protein STIM1. 3O-C12 increases cytosolic [Ca(2+)] and, strikingly, also cytosolic [cAMP], the known activator of CFTR. Activation of Cl(-) current by 3O-C12 was inhibited by a cAMP antagonist and increased by a phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Finally, a Ca(2+) buffer that lowers [Ca(2+)] in the ER similar to the effect of 3O-C12 also increased cAMP and I(Cl). The results suggest that 3O-C12 stimulates CFTR-dependent Cl(-) and fluid secretion in airway epithelial cells by activating the inositol trisphosphate receptor, thus lowering [Ca(2+)] in the ER and activating STIM1 and store-operated cAMP production. In CF airways, where CFTR is absent, the adaptive ability to rapidly flush the bacteria away is compromised because the lactone cannot affect Cl(-) and fluid secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms


Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center