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Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Sep;161(2):308-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00744.x.

GPR55-dependent and -independent ion signalling in response to lysophosphatidylinositol in endothelial cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Center of Molecular Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The glycerol-based lysophospholipid lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) is an endogenous agonist of the G-protein-coupled receptor 55 (GPR55) exhibiting cannabinoid receptor-like properties in endothelial cells. To estimate the contribution of GPR55 to the physiological effects of LPI, the GPR55-dependent and -independent electrical responses in this cell type were investigated.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Applying small interference RNA-mediated knock-down and transient overexpression, GPR55-dependent and -independent effects of LPI on cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration, membrane potential and transmembrane ion currents were studied in EA.hy296 cells.

KEY RESULTS:

In a GPR55-dependent, GDPbetaS and U73122-sensitive manner, LPI induced rapid and transient intracellular Ca(2+) release that was associated with activation of charybdotoxin-sensitive, large conductance, Ca(2+)-activated, K(+) channels (BK(Ca)) and temporary membrane hyperpolarization. Following these initial electrical reactions, LPI elicited GPR55-independent long-lasting Na(+) loading and a non-selective inward current causing sustained membrane depolarization that depended on extracellular Ca(2+) and Na(+) and was partially inhibited by Ni(2+) and La(3+). This inward current was due to the activation of a voltage-independent non-selective cation current. The Ni(2+) and La(3+)-insensitive depolarization with LPI was prevented by inhibition of the Na/K-ATPase by ouabain.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

LPI elicited a biphasic response in endothelial cells of which the immediate Ca(2+) signalling depends on GPR55 while the subsequent depolarization is due to Na(+) loading via non-selective cation channels and an inhibition of the Na/K-ATPase. Thus, LPI is a potent signalling molecule that affects endothelial functions by modulating several cellular electrical responses that are only partially linked to GPR55.

PMID:
20735417
PMCID:
PMC2931756
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00744.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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