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Cytotherapy. 2010 Dec;12(8):1006-12. doi: 10.3109/14653249.2010.509393. Epub 2010 Aug 24.

Evaluation of mobilized peripheral stem cells according to CD34 and aldehyde dehydrogenase expression and effect of SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells on hematopoietic recovery.

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1
Department of Hematology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Meşelik, Eskişehir, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AIMS:

We evaluated hematopoietic stem cells according to CD34 expression and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity in peripheral blood and apheresis product samples from patients after mobilization with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone or G-CSF after high-dose cyclophosphamide (4 g/m²) once daily, intravenously on day 1). We also investigated the relationship between the number of SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells, SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells and engraftment.

METHODS:

Thirty patients (20 males and 10 females), who were candidates for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, were included in the study. Cyclophosphamide + G-CSF was used for 17 and G-CSF alone for 24 mobilizations. Primary diagnoses were multiple myeloma (n = 14), Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 7), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 2), acute myloid leukemia (n = 2), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (n = 1) and germ cell testis tumor (n = 1).

RESULTS:

Numbers of SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells and SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells were highly correlated in both peripheral blood and apheresis products (P < 0.001). We could not find a relationship between the transplanted SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cell dose or SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cell dose and platelet or neutrophil recovery. The optimal thresholds for SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells were 5.40 × 10⁶/kg for neutrophil recovery and 7.22 x 10⁶/kg for platelet recovery. The optimal thresholds for SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells were 6.53 x 10⁶/kg for neutrophil recovery and 8.72 x 10⁶/kg platelet recovery.

CONCLUSIONS:

According to our data, numbers of SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells are in very good agreement with numbers of SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells and can be a predictor of stem cell mobilization.

PMID:
20735165
DOI:
10.3109/14653249.2010.509393
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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