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Cytotherapy. 2010 Dec;12(8):1006-12. doi: 10.3109/14653249.2010.509393. Epub 2010 Aug 24.

Evaluation of mobilized peripheral stem cells according to CD34 and aldehyde dehydrogenase expression and effect of SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells on hematopoietic recovery.

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Department of Hematology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Meşelik, Eskişehir, Turkey.



We evaluated hematopoietic stem cells according to CD34 expression and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity in peripheral blood and apheresis product samples from patients after mobilization with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone or G-CSF after high-dose cyclophosphamide (4 g/m²) once daily, intravenously on day 1). We also investigated the relationship between the number of SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells, SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells and engraftment.


Thirty patients (20 males and 10 females), who were candidates for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, were included in the study. Cyclophosphamide + G-CSF was used for 17 and G-CSF alone for 24 mobilizations. Primary diagnoses were multiple myeloma (n = 14), Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 7), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 2), acute myloid leukemia (n = 2), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (n = 1) and germ cell testis tumor (n = 1).


Numbers of SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells and SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells were highly correlated in both peripheral blood and apheresis products (P < 0.001). We could not find a relationship between the transplanted SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cell dose or SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cell dose and platelet or neutrophil recovery. The optimal thresholds for SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells were 5.40 × 10⁶/kg for neutrophil recovery and 7.22 x 10⁶/kg for platelet recovery. The optimal thresholds for SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells were 6.53 x 10⁶/kg for neutrophil recovery and 8.72 x 10⁶/kg platelet recovery.


According to our data, numbers of SSC(lo) ALDH(br) cells are in very good agreement with numbers of SSC(lo) CD45(dim) CD34(hi) cells and can be a predictor of stem cell mobilization.

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