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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2010 Aug;2(8):2248-53. doi: 10.1021/am100279v.

Rapid silica atomic layer deposition on large quantities of cohesive nanoparticles.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA.


Conformal silica films were deposited on anatase titania nanoparticles using rapid silica atomic layer deposition (ALD) in a fluidized bed reactor. Alternating doses of tris(tert-pentoxy)silanol (TPS) and trimethylaluminum (TMA) precursor vapors were used at 175 degrees C. In situ mass spectroscopy verified the growth mechanism through a siloxane polymerization process. Transmission electron microscopy revealed highly conformal and uniform silica nanofilms on the surface of titania nanoparticles. A growth rate of approximately 1.8 nm/cycle was achieved for an underdosed and incomplete polymerization reaction. Primary nanoparticles were coated despite their strong tendency to form dynamic agglomerates during fluidization. Methylene blue oxidation tests indicated that the photoactivity of anatase titania particles was mitigated with the ALD films.

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