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J Med Chem. 2010 Sep 23;53(18):6681-98. doi: 10.1021/jm100751q.

Nonsteroidal dissociated glucocorticoid agonists containing azaindoles as steroid A-ring mimetics.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Immunology and Inflammation, and Drug Discovery Support, Boehringer-Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc., 900 Ridgebury Road, Ridgefield, Connecticut 06877, USA.


Syntheses and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of nonsteroidal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) agonists are described. These compounds contain azaindole moieties as A-ring mimetics and display various degrees of in vitro dissociation between gene transrepression and transactivation. Collagen induced arthritis studies in mouse have demonstrated that in vitro dissociated compounds (R)-16 and (R)-37 have steroid-like anti-inflammatory properties with improved metabolic side effect profiles, such as a reduced increase in body fat and serum insulin levels, compared to steroids.

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