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J Proteome Res. 2010 Oct 1;9(10):5358-69. doi: 10.1021/pr1006087.

Proteomic analysis of protein-protein interactions within the Cysteine Sulfinate Desulfinase Fe-S cluster biogenesis system.

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Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.


Fe-S cluster biogenesis is of interest to many fields, including bioenergetics and gene regulation. The CSD system is one of three Fe-S cluster biogenesis systems in E. coli and is comprised of the cysteine desulfurase CsdA, the sulfur acceptor protein CsdE, and the E1-like protein CsdL. The biological role, biochemical mechanism, and protein targets of the system remain uncharacterized. Here we present that the active site CsdE C61 has a lowered pK(a) value of 6.5, which is nearly identical to that of C51 in the homologous SufE protein and which is likely critical for its function. We observed that CsdE forms disulfide bonds with multiple proteins and identified the proteins that copurify with CsdE. The identification of Fe-S proteins and both putative and established Fe-S cluster assembly (ErpA, glutaredoxin-3, glutaredoxin-4) and sulfur trafficking (CsdL, YchN) proteins supports the two-pathway model, in which the CSD system is hypothesized to synthesize both Fe-S clusters and other sulfur-containing cofactors. We suggest that the identified Fe-S cluster assembly proteins may be the scaffold and/or shuttle proteins for the CSD system. By comparison with previous analysis of SufE, we demonstrate that there is some overlap in the CsdE and SufE interactomes.

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