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Circulation. 2010 Sep 7;122(10):985-92. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.955039. Epub 2010 Aug 23.

Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy on reverse remodeling and relation to outcome: multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial: cardiac resynchronization therapy.

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Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115, USA.



Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) plus implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) reduced the risk of death or heart failure event in patients with mildly symptomatic heart failure, left ventricular dysfunction, and wide QRS complex compared with an ICD only. We assessed echocardiographic changes in patients enrolled in the MADIT-CRT trial (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial: Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) to evaluate whether the improvement in outcomes with CRT plus an ICD was associated with favorable alterations in cardiac size and function.


A total of 1,820 patients were randomly assigned to CRT plus an ICD or to an ICD only in a 3:2 ratio. Echocardiographic studies were obtained at baseline and 12 months later in 1,372 patients. We compared changes in cardiac size and performance between treatment groups and assessed the relationship between these changes over the first year, as well as subsequent outcomes. Compared with the ICD-only group, the CRT-plus-ICD group had greater improvement in left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (-26.2 versus -7.4 mL/m(2)), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (-28.7 versus -9.1 mL/m(2)), left ventricular ejection fraction (11% versus 3%), left atrial volume index (-11.9 versus -4.7 mL/m(2)), and right ventricular fractional area change (8% versus 5%; P<0.001 for all). Improvement in end-diastolic volume at 1 year was predictive of subsequent death or heart failure, with adjustment for baseline covariates and treatment group; each 10% decrease in end-diastolic volume was associated with a 40% reduction in risk (P<0.001).


CRT resulted in significant improvement in cardiac size and performance compared with an ICD-only strategy in patients with mildly symptomatic heart failure. Improvement in these measures accounted for the outcomes benefit. Clinical Trial Registration Information- URL: Unique identifier: NCT00180271.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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