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Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2010 Sep;40(5):951-81. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2010.05.009.

Congenital spinal malformations in small animals.

Author information

1
VCA Animal Care Center of Sonoma County, 6470 Redwood Drive, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA. dwestworth@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

Congenital anomalies of the spine are common in small animals. The type of deformity, location, severity, time of onset of associated clinical signs, and progression of neurologic dysfunction varies widely. To promote clearer understanding, the authors present the various spinal malformations using modified human classification schemes and use current widely accepted definitions and terminology. The diagnostic approach, including utilization of advanced imaging, and surgical management is emphasized.

PMID:
20732600
DOI:
10.1016/j.cvsm.2010.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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