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J Med Chem. 2010 Sep 23;53(18):6595-602. doi: 10.1021/jm100345r.

4-(3-Halo/amino-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-aryloxazoles and -N-methylimidazoles that are cytotoxic against combretastatin A resistant tumor cells and vascular disrupting in a cisplatin resistant germ cell tumor model.

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Department of Internal Medicine IV, Oncology/Hematology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Strasse 40, D-06120 Halle, Germany.


New combretastatin A analogues featuring oxazole or N-methylimidazole bridged Z-alkenes and halo- or amino-substituted A-rings were tested against various cancer cell lines and in testicular germ cell tumor xenografts in mice. Imidazoles with 3-halo-4,5-dimethoxy substituted A-rings and 3-amino-4-methoxy substituted B-rings (7b and 8b) were efficacious at nanomolar concentrations against cells of combretastatin A refractory HT-29 colon carcinoma, multidrug-resistant MCF-7/Topo breast carcinoma, and cisplatin-resistant 1411HP testicular germ cell tumor. They induced apoptosis and inhibited tubulin polymerization. While well tolerated by mice at high doses, these imidazoles initiated extensive intratumoral hemorrhage and regressions of highly vascularized 1411HP xenografts.

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