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Mil Med. 2010 Aug;175(8):616-8.

Limbic encephalitis presenting with seizures, anterograde amnesia, and psychosis in a patient seven weeks status post immature ovarian teratoma removal.

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Department of Mental Health, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA 92134, USA.


A paraneoplastic syndrome associated with anti-N-methyl-D-asparate (NMDA) receptors can initially present as a neurologic or psychiatric disturbance. Removal of the tumor is usually curative, and the syndrome is associated with the presence, rather than the history, of tumor. We present a case in which a 25-year-old, Hispanic woman presented with seizures, memory loss, and unusual behavioral changes. The woman had a teratoma removed 2 months earlier. Because of the time course, a paraneoplastic syndrome was initially considered unlikely. Brain imaging, electroencephalography (EEG) and neurologic work-up were negative. The patient was treated for a suspected somatoform disorder and psychosis. Based on the clinical picture, the working diagnosis was changed to delirium due to paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. A course of intravenous immunoglobins (IVIg), and high dose steroids was administered. The patient's symptoms improved, and she was discharged home. After discharge, studies came back positive for antibodies against NR1/NR2 of the NMDA receptor.

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