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Mol Cell Biochem. 2010 Dec;345(1-2):223-9. doi: 10.1007/s11010-010-0576-5. Epub 2010 Aug 22.

Mitochondrial and nuclear gene mutations in the type 2 diabetes patients of Coimbatore population.

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Department of Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Erratum in

  • Mol Cell Biochem. 2011 Mar;349(1-2):221. Balakrishnan, Ramanathan [corrected to Balamurugan, Ramanathan].


Involvement of mitochondrial and nuclear gene mutations in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been established well in various populations around the world. Previously, we have found the mitochondrial A>G transition at nucleotide position 3243 and 8296 in the T2D patients of Coimbatore population. This study is aimed to screen for the presence of various mitochondrial and nuclear DNA mutations in the T2D patients of Coimbatore to identify most prevalent mutation. This helps in identifying the susceptible individuals based on their clinical phenotype in future. Blood samples were collected from 150 unrelated late-onset T2D patients and 100 age-matched unrelated control samples according to World Health Organization criteria. Genotyping for the selected genes was done by polymerase chain reaction-single strand confirmation polymorphism, direct sequencing, and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The mitochondrial T>C transition at 8356 and nuclear-encoded GLUT1 gene mutation were found in the selected T2D patients. The T8356C mutation was found in two patients (1.3%), and the clinical characteristics were found to be similar in both the patients whereas GLUT1 gene mutation was found in seven patients. Four out of seven patients showed homozygous (-) genotype and three patients showed heterozygous (±) genotype for the mutant allele XbaI. Among these three patients, one patient was found to have elevated level of urea and creatinine with the history of kidney dysfunction and chronic T2D. Our results suggest that the T8356C and GLUT1 gene mutations may have an important role in developing late-onset T2D in Coimbatore population. Particularly, individuals with GLUT1 gene may develop kidney dysfunction at their later age.

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