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Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 1990 Dec;23(4):495-507.

[Immunohistochemical localization of transforming growth factor beta-1 during the early mouse development].

[Article in Chinese]

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Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Academia Sinica.


The distribution of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) in the early developing mouse embryos between day 1 and day 12 of gestation was examined by immunohistochemical techniques. Polyclonal rabbit antiserum raised against a synthetic oligopeptide identical to the N-terminal residues 1-29 of TGF-beta-1 from human platelets was used. The following results were obtained: 1. Embryonic cells of early cleavage stages (2, 4 and 8 cells) and late morulae showed positive immunofluorescent reaction without any difference in staining intensity (Plate I, Figs. 1-4). 2. Marked staining of blastocysts in toto or sections with anti-TGF-beta-1 antibodies by either immunofluorescence or immunoperoxidase reaction was also observed. Inner cell mass (ICM) cells and trophoectoderm cells were both reacted, but more intense staining was found in primary endoderm cells differentiated from ICM cells adjacent to blastocoele (Plate II, Fig. 5). 3. Scattered granules stained strongly with immunoperoxidase reaction were present in embryonic ectoderm and visceral endoderm surrounding the forming mesoderm which was only slightly stained (Plate II, Fig. 6). 4. Intense immunoperoxidase staining was also present in mesoderm of visceral yolk sac of day 8 and day 10 embryos (Plate II, Fig. 7). 5. During the formation of somites, neural tube and limb bud, remarkable staining was found in mesenchyme, individual cells of somites, mucous layer of gut tubes, heart and limb buds (Plate III, Figs. 8-10). No significant staining was seen in neural cells per se except the inner surface of neural tube. The results of present studies indicate that abundant TGF-beta-1 is present in preimplantation mouse embryos including cleavage, morulae and blastocyst stages. In postimplantation embryos, TGF-beta-1 appears to play an important role in the differentiation of endoderm and mesoderm, particularly in the development of extraembryonic tissues, and in later morphogenetic and histogenetic events involving mainly mesoderm or mesenchyme cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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