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J Biol Chem. 2010 Oct 29;285(44):34231-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.144642. Epub 2010 Aug 20.

Role of DnaJ G/F-rich domain in conformational recognition and binding of protein substrates.

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Unidad de Biofísica (CSIC/UPV-EHU), Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco, Apartado 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.


DnaJ from Escherichia coli is a Type I Hsp40 that functions as a cochaperone of DnaK (Hsp70), stimulating its ATPase activity and delivering protein substrates. How DnaJ binds protein substrates is still poorly understood. Here we have studied the role of DnaJ G/F-rich domain in binding of several substrates with different conformational properties (folded, partially (un)folded and unfolded). Using partial proteolysis we find that RepE, a folded substrate, contacts a wide DnaJ area that involves part of the G/F-rich region and Zn-binding domain. Deletion of G/F-rich region hampers binding of native RepE and reduced the affinity for partially (un)folded substrates. However, binding of completely unfolded substrates is independent on the G/F-rich region. These data indicate that DnaJ distinguishes the substrate conformation and is able to adapt the use of the G/F-rich region to form stable substrate complexes.

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