Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trends Plant Sci. 2010 Oct;15(10):582-92. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2010.07.003. Epub 2010 Aug 21.

Vitamins in plants: occurrence, biosynthesis and antioxidant function.

Author information

  • 1Departament de Biologia Vegetal, Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Biologia, Avinguda Diagonal 645, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Plant-derived vitamins are of great interest because of their impact on human health. They are essential for metabolism because of their redox chemistry and role as enzymatic cofactors, not only in animals but also in plants. Several vitamins have strong antioxidant potential, including both water-soluble (vitamins B and C) and lipid-soluble (vitamins A, E and K) compounds. Here, we review recent advances in the understanding of antioxidant roles of vitamins and present an overview of their occurrence within the plant kingdom, different organs and subcellular location; their major biosynthetic pathways, including common precursors and competitive pathways; and their antioxidant function. In particular, we discuss novel evidence for, as well as evidence against, a role of B vitamins as important antioxidants.

PMID:
20729129
DOI:
10.1016/j.tplants.2010.07.003
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center