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Cell Immunol. 2010;265(2):91-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2010.07.007. Epub 2010 Jul 24.

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate and IL-10 coordinately contribute to nTreg cell-mediated suppression of dendritic cell activation.

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  • 1Institute for Immunology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.


In humans and mice naturally occurring regulatory T cells (nTregs) are crucial for the maintenance of peripheral tolerance by controlling not only potentially autoreactive T cells but virtually all cells of the adaptive and innate immune system. Here we show that co-culture of murine dendritic cells (DC) and nTregs results in an immediate increase of cAMP in DC, responsible for a rapid down-regulation of co-stimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86). In addition, the inhibitory surface molecule B7-H3 on DC is up-regulated. Subsequently, nTreg-derived IL-10 inhibits the cytokine production (IL-6, IL-12) of suppressed DC therewith preserving their silent phenotype. Hence, our data indicate that nTregs effectively control exuberant immune responses by directly limiting the stimulatory capacity of DC via a sophisticated chronologic action of inhibitory signals.

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