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Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Feb;162(4):823-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00996.x.

Human atrial β(1L)-adrenoceptor but not β₃-adrenoceptor activation increases force and Ca(2+) current at physiological temperature.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

It has been proposed that BRL37344, SR58611 and CGP12177 activate β₃-adrenoceptors in human atrium to increase contractility and L-type Ca(2+) current (I(Ca-L)). β₃-adrenoceptor agonists are potentially beneficial for the treatment of a variety of diseases but concomitant cardiostimulation would be potentially harmful. It has also been proposed that (-)-CGP12177 activates the low affinity binding site of the β₁-adrenoceptor in human atrium. We therefore used BRL37344, SR58611 and (-)-CGP12177 with selective β-adrenoceptor subtype antagonists to clarify cardiostimulant β-adrenoceptor subtypes in human atrium.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Human right atrium was obtained from patients without heart failure undergoing coronary artery bypass or valve surgery. Cardiomyocytes were prepared to test BRL37344, SR58611 and CGP12177 effects on I(Ca-L). Contractile effects were determined on right atrial trabeculae.

KEY RESULTS:

BRL37344 increased force which was antagonized by blockade of β₁- and β₂-adrenoceptors but not by blockade of β₃-adrenoceptors with β₃-adrenoceptor-selective L-748,337 (1 µM). The β₃-adrenoceptor agonist SR58611 (1 nM-10 µM) did not affect atrial force. BRL37344 and SR58611 did not increase I(Ca-L) at 37°C, but did at 24°C which was prevented by L-748,337. (-)-CGP12177 increased force and I(Ca-L) at both 24°C and 37°C which was prevented by (-)-bupranolol (1-10 µM), but not L-748,337.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

We conclude that the inotropic responses to BRL37344 are mediated through β₁- and β₂-adrenoceptors. The inotropic and I(Ca-L) responses to (-)-CGP12177 are mediated through the low affinity site β(1L)-adrenoceptor of the β₁-adrenoceptor. β₃-adrenoceptor-mediated increases in I(Ca-L) are restricted to low temperatures. Human atrial β₃-adrenoceptors do not change contractility and I(Ca-L) at physiological temperature.

PMID:
20726983
PMCID:
PMC3042194
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00996.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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