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Nat Rev Neurosci. 2010 Sep;11(9):651-9. doi: 10.1038/nrn2897.

Socioeconomic status and the brain: mechanistic insights from human and animal research.

Author information

1
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Center for Neuroscience and Society, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6241, USA.

Abstract

Human brain development occurs within a socioeconomic context and childhood socioeconomic status (SES) influences neural development--particularly of the systems that subserve language and executive function. Research in humans and in animal models has implicated prenatal factors, parent-child interactions and cognitive stimulation in the home environment in the effects of SES on neural development. These findings provide a unique opportunity for understanding how environmental factors can lead to individual differences in brain development, and for improving the programmes and policies that are designed to alleviate SES-related disparities in mental health and academic achievement.

PMID:
20725096
PMCID:
PMC2950073
DOI:
10.1038/nrn2897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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