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J Thromb Haemost. 2010 Nov;8(11):2530-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2010.04025.x.

Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 regulates collagen-stimulated platelet function by modulating the association of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase with Grb-2-associated binding protein-1 and linker for activation of T cells.

Author information

1
Institute for Cardiovascular & Metabolic Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK. l.a.moraes@reading.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Platelet activation by collagen depends on signals transduced by the glycoprotein (GP)VI-Fc receptor (FcR)γ-chain collagen receptor complex, which involves recruitment of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to phosphorylated tyrosines in the linker for activation of T cells (LAT). An interaction between the p85 regulatory subunit of PI3K and the scaffolding molecule Grb-2-associated binding protein-1 (Gab1), which is regulated by binding of the Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP-2) to Gab1, has been shown in other cell types to sustain PI3K activity to elicit cellular responses. Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) functions as a negative regulator of platelet reactivity and thrombosis, at least in part by inhibiting GPVI-FcRγ-chain signaling via recruitment of SHP-2 to phosphorylated immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs in PECAM-1.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the possibility that PECAM-1 regulates the formation of the Gab1-p85 signaling complexes, and the potential effect of such interactions on GPVI-mediated platelet activation in platelets.

METHODS:

The ability of PECAM-1 signaling to modulate the LAT signalosome was investigated with immunoblotting assays on human platelets and knockout mouse platelets.

RESULTS:

PECAM-1-associated SHP-2 in collagen-stimulated platelets binds to p85, which results in diminished levels of association with both Gab1 and LAT and reduced collagen-stimulated PI3K signaling. We therefore propose that PECAM-1-mediated inhibition of GPVI-dependent platelet responses result, at least in part, from recruitment of SHP-2-p85 complexes to tyrosine-phosphorylated PECAM-1, which diminishes the association of PI3K with activatory signaling molecules, such as Gab1 and LAT.

PMID:
20723025
PMCID:
PMC3298659
DOI:
10.1111/j.1538-7836.2010.04025.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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