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Eur J Cell Biol. 2011 Feb-Mar;90(2-3):143-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2010.07.006. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Analysis of the signaling pathways regulating Src-dependent remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

Cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix is mediated by adhesion receptors, mainly integrins, which upon interaction with the extracellular matrix, bind to the actin cytoskeleton via their cytoplasmic domains. This association is mediated by a variety of scaffold and signaling proteins, which control the mechanical and signaling activities of the adhesion site. Upon transformation of fibroblasts with active forms of Src (e.g., v-Src), focal adhesions are disrupted, and transformed into dot-like contacts known as podosomes, and consisting of a central actin core surrounded by an adhesion ring. To clarify the mechanism underlying Src-dependent modulation of the adhesive phenotype, and its influence on podosome organization, we screened for the effect of siRNA-mediated knockdown of tyrosine kinases, MAP kinases and phosphatases on the reorganization of the adhesion-cytoskeleton complex, induced by a constitutively active Src mutant (SrcY527F). In this screen, we discovered several genes that are involved in Src-induced remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. We further showed that knockdown of Src in osteoclasts abolishes the formation of the podosome-based rings and impairs cell spreading, without inducing stress fiber development. Our work points to several genes that are involved in this process, and sheds new light on the molecular plasticity of integrin adhesions.

PMID:
20719402
PMCID:
PMC3005982
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejcb.2010.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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