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Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2010 Nov;30(6):480-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2010.00959.x.

Peak cardiac power output in healthy, trained men.

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Division of Exercise and Sports Science, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.


Previous investigations into peak cardiac power output (CPO peak) have been limited to clinical populations and healthy, but non-athletic adults, and normative data on trained individuals would allow a greater understanding of this parameter. Therefore, we recruited eight healthy, well-trained male cyclists. Peak oxygen consumption ((.)VO₂ peak) was assessed using an incremental ergometer test, and following a 40-min recovery period, peak cardiac output ((.)QT peak) was measured during a constant load test that elicited (.)VO₂ peak (±5%) using the Defares CO₂ rebreathing technique. CPO peak was calculated as described by Cooke et al. (1998). Mean (±SD) values during the constant load test were: (.)VO₂ peak, 4.94 ± 0.41 l min⁻¹; (.)QT peak, 36.5 ± 3.7 l min⁻¹; mean arterial pressure, 123 ± 8 mmHg and CPO peak, 9.9 ± 1.0 W. These results demonstrate CPO peak in a well-trained population to be approximately twice those observed in healthy, but non-athletic adults. The current data provide useful information regarding the upper limits and possible 'trainability' of cardiac pumping capacity for sedentary and clinically compromised individuals.

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