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Proteomics. 2010 Oct;10(19):3394-413. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201000236.

Madin-Darby canine kidney cells are increased in aerobic glycolysis when cultured on flat and stiff collagen-coated surfaces rather than in physiological 3-D cultures.

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Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Heidelberg, Germany.


We investigate the influence of the dimensionality and the biochemistry of the culture system on the cellular functionality by analyzing the protein expression levels in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells grown in 3-D and 2-D substrates. We cultured MDCK cells on a hard and flat 2-D uncoated plastic surface, on a 2-D collagen-coated plastic surface and in 3-D collagen gel and employed 2-D gel electrophoresis, MALDI-TOF-MS, and LC-MS/MS analysis to identify the differentially regulated proteins. We found significant differences in the expression of antioxidant proteins, actin-binding proteins, glycolytic enzymes, and heat-shock proteins/chaperons among the three types of cultures. While MDCK cells cultured in 3-D collagen up-regulate antioxidant proteins and proteins involved in the dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton, 2-D collagen-coated plastic surfaces induce the up-regulation of glycolytic enzymes. Our data shows that the culture conditions have profound effects on the physiology of the cell. Culture in 3-D collagen induces a differentiated polarized phenotype. In contrast, collagen-coated 2-D substrates favor a tumor-like phenotype with increased glycolysis. Thus, the suitability of 2-D cultures to study the physiological behavior of cells, especially in drug discovery, bioprocessing, and toxicology, should be carefully reconsidered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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