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J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol. 2010 Dec 1;313(10):623-50. doi: 10.1002/jez.634. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Piscine aquaporins: an overview of recent advances.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries (IRTA)- Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain. joan.cerda@irta.cat

Abstract

Aquaporins are a superfamily of integral membrane proteins that facilitate the rapid and yet highly selective flux of water and other small solutes across biological membranes. Since their discovery, they have been documented throughout the living biota, with the majority of research focusing on mammals and plants. Here, we review available data for piscine aquaporins, including Agnatha (jawless fish), Chondrichthyes (chimaeras, sharks, and rays), Dipnoi (lungfishes), and Teleostei (ray-finned bony fishes). Recent evidence suggests that the aquaporin superfamily has specifically expanded in the chordate lineage consequent to serial rounds of whole genome duplication, with teleost genomes harboring the largest number of paralogs. The selective retention and dichotomous clustering of most duplicated paralogs in Teleostei, with differential tissue expression profiles, implies that novel or specialized physiological functions may have evolved in this clade. The recently proposed new nomenclature of the piscine aquaporin superfamily is discussed in relation to the phylogenetic signal and genomic synteny, with the teleost aquaporin-8 paralogs used as a case study to illustrate disparities between the underlying codons, molecular phylogeny, and physical locus. Structural data indicate that piscine aquaporins display similar channel restriction residues found in the tetrapod counterparts, and hence their functional properties seem to be conserved. However, emerging evidence suggests that regulation of aquaporin function in teleosts may have diverged in some cases. Cell localization and experimental studies imply that the physiological roles of piscine aquaporins extend at least to osmoregulation, reproduction, and early development, although in most cases their specific functions remain to be elucidated.

PMID:
20717996
DOI:
10.1002/jez.634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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