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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 31;107(35):15491-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914785107. Epub 2010 Aug 16.

miR-204 is required for lens and retinal development via Meis2 targeting.

Author information

1
Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that have important roles in the regulation of gene expression. The roles of individual miRNAs in controlling vertebrate eye development remain, however, largely unexplored. Here, we show that a single miRNA, miR-204, regulates multiple aspects of eye development in the medaka fish (Oryzias latipes). Morpholino-mediated ablation of miR-204 expression resulted in an eye phenotype characterized by microphthalmia, abnormal lens formation, and altered dorsoventral (D-V) patterning of the retina, which is associated with optic fissure coloboma. Using a variety of in vivo and in vitro approaches, we identified the transcription factor Meis2 as one of the main targets of miR-204 function. We show that, together with altered regulation of the Pax6 pathway, the abnormally elevated levels of Meis2 resulting from miR-204 inactivation are largely responsible for the observed phenotype. These data provide an example of how a specific miRNA can regulate multiple events in eye formation; at the same time, they uncover an as yet unreported function of Meis2 in the specification of D-V patterning of the retina.

PMID:
20713703
PMCID:
PMC2932609
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0914785107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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