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Gene. 2010 Nov 15;468(1-2):48-57. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2010.08.004. Epub 2010 Aug 14.

Plasmodium falciparum Tudor Staphylococcal Nuclease interacting proteins suggest its role in nuclear as well as splicing processes.

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Malaria Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi-110067, India.


Tudor Staphylococcal Nuclease (p100 or SND1), a member of the micronuclease family is a multifunctional protein that plays a key role(s) in transcription and splicing processes in many eukaryotic cells. PfTudor-SN, a Plasmodium homolog of the human p100 protein is a structurally conserved protein; however molecular details of its function are not yet understood. Our previous studies have shown that PfTudor-SN binds RNA and it is possible to selectively inhibit parasite growth by PfTudor-SN specific drugs. In the present study, we identified the molecular interactions between Plasmodium falciparum Tudor-SN and twelve Plasmodium proteins such as Histone h2A, SPT2 (a transcriptional regulator), a Cold-shock DNA binding protein in a bacterial two-hybrid screen. To get further insight into some of these interactions, we mapped the interaction domain in PfTudor-SN protein using the yeast two-hybrid system. Of these proteins, Plasmodium N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor associated protein, PfUbiquitin conjugating enzyme and Cold-shock DNA binding protein showed interaction with the SN domains of PfTudor-SN. Immuno-localization studies of the interacting proteins showed their presence predominantly in the nucleus, which inevitably suggests the molecular interactions between these proteins and PfTudor-SN. Furthermore, we also identified a molecular interaction between the Tudor domain of PfTudor-SN protein and Plasmodium spliceosomal Sm protein, PfSmD1 advocating the role of PfTudor-SN in the spliceosome assembly. Together, these results suggest multiple role(s) for PfTudor-SN protein mainly in nuclear and splicing processes at asexual blood stages of the malaria parasite.

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