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Genomics. 1991 Jun;10(2):432-40.

Human gastric intrinsic factor: characterization of cDNA and genomic clones and localization to human chromosome 11.

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  • 1Gastroenterology Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110.


A human gastric intrinsic factor (IF) cDNA clone was isolated using a rat cDNA clone as a probe. Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequence revealed 80% identity of human IF with rat IF. These cDNA clones were used to isolate and map two overlapping clones encoding the human IF gene. The first exon of the cloned region (exon 2) contains 30 bp of the 5' untranslated region, the signal peptide, and the first 8 amino acids of the mature protein. Exons 3-10 encode the remainder of the coding and 3' noncoding regions. Southern analysis of genomic DNA indicated the presence of a single human IF gene and also revealed the presence of strong hybridizing sequences in genomic DNA from monkey, rat, mouse, cow, and human, suggesting that the IF gene is well conserved. The IF gene was localized to human chromosome 11 by concurrent cytogenetic and cDNA probe analysis of a panel of human X mouse somatic cell hybrids. Southern analysis of genomic DNA from patients with congenital pernicious anemia (lacking intrinsic factor) revealed normal restriction fragment patterns, suggesting that a sizable gene deletion was not responsible for the deficiency.

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