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Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Mar 1;16(2):e292-5.

Traumatic dental injuries among schoolchildren in Valencia, Spain.

Author information

1
Oral Medicine and Surgery, Valencia University Medical and Dental School, Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

AIM:

The aim of the present study was to identify some factors related to the occurrence of dental trauma in mixed and permanent dentition.

DESIGN OF THE STUDY:

Over a period of two months 1325, 6 to 18 year olds from three primary schools in Valencia were examined. Data was collected through clinical examinations and interviews and their Dental trauma was classified according to IADT's criteria.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of dental injuries was 6%; boys aged between 12-18 years old experienced more injuries than girls. There was a statistical difference between the types of fractures. Non complicated coronal fractures were the most frequent (9.18%). Games were the main cause of trauma (40%) in both sexes. In 14.3% of patients a dental colour change was observed. Angle's class I was the most frequent in traumatized injured children (41.2%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study revealed a relatively low prevalence of dental trauma, but this figure still represents a large number of children. Therefore, educational programs are to be initiated for the community regarding causes , prevention and treatments of traumatic dental injuries.

PMID:
20711120
DOI:
10.4317/medoral.16.e292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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