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Eur Heart J. 2011 Jan;32(1):32-40. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehq276. Epub 2010 Aug 13.

Optimal timing of coronary angiography and potential intervention in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Athens Euroclinic, 9 Athanassiadou Str., Athens, Greece. dkatritsis@euroclinic.gr

Abstract

AIMS:

An invasive approach is superior to medical management for the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation (NSTE-ACS), but the optimal timing of coronary angiography and subsequent intervention, if indicated, has not been settled.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized trials addressing the optimal timing (early vs. delayed) of coronary angiography in NSTE-ACS. Four trials with 4013 patients were eligible (ABOARD, ELISA, ISAR-COOL, TIMACS), and data for longer follow-up periods than those published became available for this meta-analysis by the ELISA and ISAR-COOL investigators. The median time from admission or randomization to coronary angiography ranged from 1.16 to 14 h in the early and 20.8-86 h in the delayed strategy group. No statistically significant difference of risk of death [random effects risk ratio (RR) 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-1.11] or myocardial infarction (MI) (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.61-1.45) was detected between the two strategies. Early intervention significantly reduced the risk for recurrent ischaemia (RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.38-0.92, P = 0.02) and the duration of hospital stay (by 28%, 95% CI 22-35%, P < 0.001). Furthermore, decreased major bleeding events (RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.57-1.07, P = 0.13), and less major events (death, MI, or stroke) (RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.82-1.01, P = 0.09) were observed with the early strategy but these differences were not nominally significant.

CONCLUSION:

Early coronary angiography and potential intervention reduces the risk of recurrent ischaemia, and shortens hospital stay in patients with NSTE-ACS.

PMID:
20709722
DOI:
10.1093/eurheartj/ehq276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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