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Lancet. 2010 Sep 11;376(9744):911-21. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60355-8. Epub 2010 Aug 11.

Primary ovarian insufficiency.

Author information

1
Centre for Reproductive Medicine, UZ Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. mdevos@uzbrussel.be

Abstract

Primary ovarian insufficiency is a subclass of ovarian dysfunction in which the cause is within the ovary. In most cases, an unknown mechanism leads to premature exhaustion of the resting pool of primordial follicles. Primary ovarian insufficiency might also result from genetic defects, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery. The main symptom is absence of regular menstrual cycles, and the diagnosis is confirmed by detection of raised follicle-stimulating hormone and declined oestradiol concentrations in the serum, suggesting a primary ovarian defect. The disorder usually leads to sterility, and has a large effect on reproductive health when it arises at a young age. Fertility-preservation options can be offered to some patients with cancer and those at risk of early menopause, such as those with familial cases of primary ovarian insufficiency. Long-term deprivation of oestrogen has serious implications for female health in general; and for bone density, cardiovascular and neurological systems, wellbeing, and sexual health in particular.

PMID:
20708256
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60355-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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