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J Adolesc. 2011 Jun;34(3):407-20. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.07.001. Epub 2010 Aug 13.

Race-specific transition patterns among alcohol use classes in adolescent girls.

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  • 1The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University, 633 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA.


We used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine transitions among alcohol use classes in 2225 White and African American adolescent girls, and race differences in predictors of transition into and out of problematic drinking classes. Latent class analysis confirmed four classes for White girls and three for AA girls, defined in a previous study. Latent transition analysis revealed more stable abstainers and decreasing alcohol use among AA girls, and more increasing alcohol use among White girls, though stable abstainers were the largest group in both races. Increasing use was predicted by delinquency, academic misbehavior, substance use, and peer support for White girls, and by older age and delinquency for AA girls. Decreasing use was predicted by older age and depressive symptoms for White girls, and by family relationship quality and substance use for AA girls. Study limitations and implications of findings are discussed.

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