Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2010 Aug;25(4):387-94. doi: 10.1089/cbr.2010.0783.

A pretherapy biodistribution and dosimetry study of indium-111-radiolabeled trastuzumab in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-overexpressing breast cancer.

Author information

Department of Radiation Oncology and Radiation Research, Beckman Research Institute, Duarte, California 91010, USA.



The purposes of this study were to evaluate the organ biodistribution, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and tumor uptake of (111)Indium ((111)In)-MxDTPA-trastuzumab in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancers and to determine whether (90)Y-MxDTPA-trastuzumab should be evaluated in subsequent clinical therapy trials.


Patients with HER2-overexpressing breast cancers who were to undergo planned trastuzumab therapy first received unlabeled trastuzumab (4-8 mg/kg IV), followed 4 hours later by 5 mCi (111)In-MxDTPA-trastuzumab (10 mg antibody). Serial blood samples, 24-hour urine collections, and nuclear scans were performed at defined time points for 7 days.


Eight (8) patients received (111)In-MxDTPA-trastuzumab, which was well tolerated with no adverse side-effects. Three (3) of 7 patients with known lesions demonstrated positive imaging on nuclear scans. No antiantibody responses were observed for 2 months postinfusion. Organ doses (cGy/mCi) assuming radiolabeling with (90)Y were 19.9 for heart wall, 17.6 for liver, 4.6 for red marrow, and 2.8 for the whole body. Tumor doses ranged from 24 to 172 cGy/mCi.


In summary, results from this study indicate that (90)Y-MxDTPA-trastuzumab is an appropriate agent to evaluate in therapy trials. No evidence of an immune response to (111)In-MxDTPA-trastuzumab was detected, predicting for the ability to administer multiple cycles. With the exception of cardiac uptake, pharmacokinetics and organ biodistribution were comparable to other (90)Y-labeled monoclonal antibodies previously evaluated in the clinic. Cardiac uptake was comparable to hepatic uptake and therefore predicted to not be prohibitively high as to result in dose-limiting cardiotoxicity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center