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Pediatr Cardiol. 2010 Nov;31(8):1232-5. doi: 10.1007/s00246-010-9771-0. Epub 2010 Aug 13.

Coronary artery dilatation in toxic shock-like syndrome: the Kawasaki disease shock syndrome.

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Children's Cardiac Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Australia.


Kawasaki disease is a common systemic vasculitis of childhood that may result in life-threatening coronary artery abnormalities. Despite an overlap of clinical features with toxic shock syndrome, children with Kawasaki disease generally do not develop shock. We report two cases of older children who presented with a toxic shock-like illness, and were diagnosed with Kawasaki disease when coronary artery abnormalities were found on echocardiography, in keeping with the recently described 'Kawasaki disease shock syndrome'. Clinicians should consider Kawasaki disease in all children presenting with toxic shock and assess for coronary artery damage.

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