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Appl Opt. 1991 Jul 20;30(21):2975-9. doi: 10.1364/AO.30.002975.

Absolute optical ranging using low coherence interferometry.


We describe a method for measuring submicrometer distances with an asymmetric fiber Michelson interferometer having an LED as a source of radiation. By measuring the phase slope of the Fourier components in the frequency domain, it is possible to locate the position of reflections with nanometer precision even in the presence of sample dispersion. The method is compatible with time domain sampling at the Nyquist rate which assures efficiency in data acquisition and processing.


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