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Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2010 Aug;48(7):755-6. doi: 10.3109/15563650.2010.508044.

Hydrogen sulfide toxicity in a thermal spring: a fatal outcome.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Kinikli, Denizli, Turkey. haledaldal@yahoo.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a toxic gas with the smells of "rotten egg"; its toxic effects are due to the blocking of cellular respiratory enzymes leading to cell anoxia and cell damage.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We report two cases with acute H(2)S intoxication caused by inhalation of H(2)S evaporated from the water of a thermal spring. Two victims were found in a hotel room were they could take a thermal bath. A 26-year-old male was found unconscious; he was resuscitated, received supportive treatment and survived. A 25-year-old female was found dead. Autopsy showed diffuse edema and pulmonary congestion. Toxicological blood analysis of the female revealed the following concentrations: 0.68 mg/L sulfide and 0.21 mmol/L thiosulfate. The urine thiosulfate concentration was normal. Forensic investigation established that the thermal water was coming from the hotel's own illegal well. The hotel was closed.

CONCLUSION:

This report highlights the danger of H(2)S toxicity not only for reservoir and sewer cleaners, but also for individuals bathing in thermal springs.

PMID:
20704456
DOI:
10.3109/15563650.2010.508044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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