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Cell. 1991 Jul 12;66(1):65-75.

An autonomous signal for basolateral sorting in the cytoplasmic domain of the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor.

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Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco 94143.


The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor is normally delivered from the Golgi to the basolateral surface of epithelial cells and then transports polymeric IgA and IgM to the apical surface. We now report that a 14 residue segment of the 103 amino acid cytoplasmic domain, proximal to the plasma membrane, directs the receptor to the basolateral surface. A mutant receptor lacking these 14 amino acids is sorted directly to the apical surface from the Golgi. Furthermore, this sequence is sufficient to redirect an apical membrane protein, placental alkaline phosphatase, to the basolateral plasma membrane. We conclude that this sequence contains an autonomous signal, which specifies sorting from the Golgi to the basolateral surface, a process previously postulated to occur by default.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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