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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Oct;88(4):540-7. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2010.142. Epub 2010 Aug 11.

Effect of single-dose rifampin on the pharmacokinetics of warfarin in healthy volunteers.

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Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.


Based on in vitro rat and human hepatocyte uptake studies showing inhibition of warfarin uptake in the presence of the nonspecific organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) inhibitor rifampin, a clinical study was conducted in 10 healthy volunteers to examine the in vivo relevance of OATP hepatic uptake on the pharmacokinetics of warfarin. In a randomized, single-dose, two-period, crossover design, subjects received a 7.5-mg dose of warfarin, either alone or immediately following a 600-mg intravenous dose of rifampin. Rifampin did not significantly alter the R- or S-warfarin area under the concentration-time curves (AUCs) from 0 to 12 h (period of hepatic OATP inhibition by rifampin) or the maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) value. AUC(0-∞) was decreased on days rifampin was administered, for both R-warfarin (25% reduction; P < 0.001) and S-warfarin (15% reduction; P < 0.05). No differences were seen in the area under the international normalized ratio (INR)-time curve. Our study suggests that hepatic uptake via OATPs may not be clinically important in the pharmacokinetics of warfarin.

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