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Cell Cycle. 2010 Sep 1;9(17):3401-13. doi: 10.4161/cc.9.17.12671.

Does Huntingtin play a role in selective macroautophagy?

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA. jssteffa@uci.edu

Abstract

The accumulation of protein aggregates in neurons appears to be a basic feature of neurodegenerative disease. In Huntington's Disease (HD), a progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expansion of the polyglutamine repeat within the protein Huntingtin (Htt), the immediate proximal cause of disease is well understood. However, the cellular mechanisms which modulate the rate at which fragments of Htt containing polyglutamine accumulate in neurons is a central issue in the development of approaches to modulate the rate and extent of neuronal loss in this disease. We have recently found that Htt is phosphorylated by the kinase IKK on serine (S) 13, activating its phosphorylation on S16 and its acetylation and poly-SUMOylation, modifications that modulate its clearance by the proteasome and lysosome in cells. In the discussion here I suggest that Htt may have a normal function in the lysosomal mechanism of selective macroautophagy involved in its own degradation which may share some similarity with the yeast cytoplasm to vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway. Pharmacologic activation of this pathway may be useful early in disease progression to treat HD and other neurodegenerative diseases characterized by the accumulation of disease proteins.

PMID:
20703094
PMCID:
PMC3047613
DOI:
10.4161/cc.9.17.12718
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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