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Microb Drug Resist. 2010 Sep;16(3):197-202. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2010.0042.

Transposons related to Tn1696 in IncHI2 plasmids in multiply antibiotic resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium from Australian animals.

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School of Molecular Bioscience, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.


Conjugative IncHI2 plasmids carrying tetracycline, trimethoprim, and sulphonamide resistance genes were recovered from two multiply antibiotic resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates from Australian food-producing animals. Transposons related to the mercury resistance transposon Tn1696 were identified in both IncHI2 plasmids. These transposons contained an In4-type class 1 integron that carried a dfrA5 trimethoprim resistance gene cassette and the sul1 sulfonamide resistance gene. These integrons were located in the same position as In4 in Tn1696. The integron from one isolate includes a large transposon-like structure containing four IS26 and the strAB, sul2, bla(TEM), and aphA1 genes conferring resistance to streptomycin, sulphonamides, ampicillin, kanamycin, and neomycin, respectively. This structure is flanked by an 8-bp duplication, but it includes both the aphA1-containing transposon Tn4352 and a transposon, Tn6029, carrying genes derived from RSF1010 and from Tn2. However, Tn4352 and Tn6029 overlap, sharing one IS26 copy. This suggests that they do not move by a standard transpositional mechanism. A circular intermediate, carrying only the region containing the resistance gene(s) and one of the IS26 bounding it, is proposed as an intermediate.

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