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Blood. 1991 Jul 1;78(1):132-40.

Purification and characterization of factor VII 304-Gln: a variant molecule with reduced activity isolated from a clinically unaffected male.

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Haemostasis Research Group, MRC Clinical Research Centre, Harrow, Middlesex, UK.


Factor VII (FVII) is the plasma serine protease zymogen which, on binding to its cellular receptor tissue factor (TF), initiates blood coagulation. A 47-year-old man with no clinical bleeding tendency was found to have undetectable plasma FVII activity when tested in a one-stage assay using rabbit brain TF, but 0.3 U/mL using recombinant human TF and 1.04 U/mL FVII antigen. Variant FVII purified from his plasma showed an identical migration on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to wild-type zymogen. By enzyme kinetic analysis the Km of the variant using FX as a substrate was 12-fold higher than that of normal FVII. Also, the variant FVII was unable to compete with wild-type FVII for limited rabbit TF binding sites. A ligand blot procedure was used to directly demonstrate reduced binding of recombinant human TF to the variant FVII compared with normal FVII. Genetic analysis of leukocyte DNA showed a G to A mutation in the propositus' gene at codon 304 that results in the substitution of a glutamine for an arginine residue in the catalytic domain of the protease. We conclude that this region of the FVII molecule is important for its function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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