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Biochemistry. 1991 Jul 16;30(28):6997-7008.

Transbilayer distribution of bromine in fluid bilayers containing a specifically brominated analogue of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine 92717.


We describe in this paper the transbilayer distribution of the bromines of the specifically halogenated phospholipid 1-oleoyl-2-(9,10-dibromostearoyl)-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine (OBPC). The distribution was determined by X-ray diffraction of oriented multilayers of mixtures of OBPC and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) at 66% relative humidity by the general approach of Franks et al. (1978) [Nature 276, 530-532]. The bromine distribution of OBPC in the fluid L alpha phase is described accurately by a pair of Gaussian functions located 7.97 +/- 0.27 A from the center of the bilayer with l/e half-widths of 4.96 +/- 0.62 A. We find that OBPC bilayers are accurately described as DOPC bilayers with an additional bromine distribution centered at the position of the double bond of DOPC and conclude that OBPC is an excellent structural isomorph for DOPC under the conditions of these experiments. The distribution obtained is the complete and fully resolved transbilayer image of the halogen label because the broad distribution of the bromines is due entirely to thermal disorder and not to experimental limitations [Wiener, M. C., & White, S. H. (1991a) Biophys. J. 59, 162-173]. The observed width of the bromine distribution indicates that virtually all of the hydrocarbon interior is accessible to the bromines. The distance between the bromine/double-bond position and the headgroup phosphate position was determined from one-dimensional Patterson maps and found to be approximately 12 A. The application of accurately determined bromine distributions to the quantitative interpretation of fluorescence quenching experiments is discussed. A method for the self-consistent global analysis of diffraction data from mixtures that permits the use of data sets with different instrumental scale factors is developed in an Appendix.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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