Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hepatogastroenterology. 2010 May-Jun;57(99-100):605-10.

Orthotopic liver transplantation for cholestatic diseases.

Author information

Department of General, Transplant & Liver Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.



According to the data of the European Liver Transplant Registry (ELTR), liver transplantations (LTx) as a result of bile duct diseases were reported in 12.0% of cases. The aim of this study was to overview retrospective indications for operation and results of patients who underwent LTx for cholestatic diseases.


725 LTx were performed between January 1989 to December 2008, including 173 (23.9%) patients with cholestatic diseases. 80 pts (46.2%) were operated because of PBC, 63 pts (36.4%) with PSC and 12 pts (6.9%) with SBC as a result of iatrogenic bile ducts injuries. In 6 pts (3.5%) Caroli's disease was the reason for transplantation and another 11 pts (6.4%) were operated because of infiltration of alveococcosis into the bile duct. Cholangiocarcinoma (CCC) developed in 6 pts with PSC (9.5%) undergoing LTx. The last patient (0.6%) of our group was operated because of mucoviscidosis. 24 pts (13.9%) underwent unsuccessful surgical treatment prior to the LTx.


142 pts (82.1%) presented good outcome, but complications in postoperative period were present in 31 pts (17.9%). 8 pts (4.6%) required re-laparotomy: 6 pts due to intraperitoneal bleeding and hematoma in the first postoperative week and 2 pts due to liver abscess, 1 month and 3 months after LTx respectivelly. 4 patients (2.3%) died in the first week after LTx (septic complications, acute rejection). 5 patients with CCC died in the period of 7 to 26 months after LTx. This was caused by the recurrence of the cancer. The overall mortality was 8.1% (14 pts). 4 pts (2.3%) underwent ReLTx due to various origins--one case due to hepatic artery thrombosis, another was ischemic type biliary lesion (ITBL) and two patients due to recurrence of PBC and PSC. Cumulative 1, 5 and 10 year recurrence-free survival rates after LTx were: 94.6% / 88.7% / 72.1% in PBC group, 95.3% / 86.5% / 70.2% in PSC group and 73.9% / 69.2% / 59.3% in SBC group of patients.


There is no doubt that LTx is a good and effective option of treatment for patients with cholestatic diseases. Nevertheless the long-term benefits of LTx depend on precise indications and timing of the operation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons


    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center