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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Nov 2;107(44):18826-31. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1008140107. Epub 2010 Aug 9.

Physical and functional interaction between the condensin MukB and the decatenase topoisomerase IV in Escherichia coli.

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  • 1Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.


Proper geometric and topological organization of DNA is essential for all chromosomal processes. Two classes of proteins play major roles in organizing chromosomes: condensin complexes and type II topoisomerases. In Escherichia coli, MukB, a structural maintenance of chromosome-like component of the bacterial condensin, and topoisomerase IV (Topo IV), a type II topoisomerase that decatenates the newly replicated daughter chromosomes, are both essential for chromosome segregation in rapidly growing cells. However, little is known about the interplay between MukB and Topo IV. Here we demonstrate a physical and functional interaction between MukB and ParC, a subunit of Topo IV, in vitro. The site of MukB interaction was located on the C-terminal domain of ParC and a loss-of-interaction mutant, ParC R705E R729A, was isolated. This variant retained full activity as a topoisomerase when reconstituted with ParE to form Topo IV. We show that MukB stimulates the superhelical DNA relaxation activity of wild-type Topo IV, but not that of Topo IV reconstituted with ParC R705E R729A.

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