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Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2010 Aug;8(8):879-85. doi: 10.1586/eri.10.76.

Gram-negative bacterial endocarditis in adults: state-of-the-heart.

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1
Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Abstract

Gram-negative endocarditis due to HACEK bacteria (Haemophilus species, Actinobacillus, Cardiobacterium, Eikenella and Kingella species) and non-HACEK organisms is an infrequent occurrence but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, non-HACEK Gram-negative endocarditis has been associated with injection drug use. However, emerging data from more contemporary cohorts suggest changing epidemiology and risk factors for Gram-negative endocarditis, necessitating an updated review of this subject. Moreover, optimal management, including the need for surgical intervention, and strategies for the prevention of Gram-negative endocarditis need to be revisited.

PMID:
20695743
DOI:
10.1586/eri.10.76
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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