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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978 Mar;75(3):1199-203.

Fluorescent photoaffinity labeling: adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate receptor sites.


An approach to the study of protein receptor sites in protein mixtures or supramolecular assemblies by using fluorescence spectroscopy is described. This approach, fluorescent photoaffinity labeling, combines the merits of photoaffinity labeling to attain site-directed reactivity with the probing power of fluorescent ligands. A fluorescent photoaffinity label for cyclic AMP receptor sites of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases was synthesized in both unlabeled and radioactive forms. The probe, 8-azido-1,N(6)-ethenoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate, mimics cyclic AMP in its ability to stimulate the phosphotransferase activity of the protein kinases and strongly competes with cyclic AMP for its binding sites in all preparations so far tested. Photolysis, after equilibration of protein kinase and 8-azido-1,N(6)-ethenoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in the dark, effects binding of the intermediate nitrene irreversibly and specifically to the cyclic AMP sites with the development of fluorescence. Excess reagent and low molecular weight photolytic products are removable by dialysis. Studies of a crude beef heart preparation containing cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase suggest that the cyclic AMP binding sites are hydrophobic in nature and strongly immobilize the adenine moiety of the cyclic nucleotide.

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