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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Dec;51(12):6575-81. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4865. Epub 2010 Aug 4.

7.1 T MRI to assess the anterior segment of the eye.

Author information

1
Institute for Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Visualization of the anterior segment and biometric evaluation of the entire crystalline lens pose significant challenges for imaging techniques because of tissue-induced distortion artifacts. The present study was conducted to demonstrate the advantages of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (micro-MRI) for visualizing the anterior segment.

METHODS:

High-resolution MR ocular images were acquired on an ultra-high-field MR unit using a two-channel coil with four coil elements and T(2)-weighted turbo spin echo sequences ex vivo in pig, rabbit, monkey, and human donor eyes and in vivo in rabbits. Tissue heating, reproducibility, and signal-to-noise ratio were investigated in vivo. Monkey eye lens thickness (LT) was also measured using A-scan ultrasonography (US).

RESULTS:

Anterior segment details of phakic eyes were obtained ex vivo (pig, rabbit, monkey, and human donor eyes) with pixel matrix size 512 × 512 (in-plane resolution 80 × 80 μm) and in vivo (rabbit eyes) with pixel matrix size 320 × 320 (in-plane resolution 125 × 125 μm). Complete quantification of lens dimensions as they correlate with the sulcus-sulcus and angle-angle plane can be performed. In LT determinations in monkey eyes, no significant difference was detected between micro-MRI and A-scan US (P > 0.05, Mann-Whitney U test). Biometric analysis of one pseudophakic monkey eye confirmed the absence of relevant distortion artifacts.

CONCLUSIONS:

Micro-MRI allows ex vivo and in vivo visualization and quantification of the spatial arrangement of the anterior eye segment. Imaging of the retroiridian region, including the entire crystalline lens, overcomes a number of major limitations in the quantitative evaluation of the anterior segment.

PMID:
20688731
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.09-4865
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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