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Clin Linguist Phon. 2010 Sep;24(9):742-58. doi: 10.3109/02699206.2010.492446.

Quantifying dysphonia severity using a spectral/cepstral-based acoustic index: Comparisons with auditory-perceptual judgements from the CAPE-V.

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Department of Audiology & Speech Pathology, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, Bloomsburg, PA 17815-1301, USA.


This study investigated the relationship between acoustic spectral/cepstral measures and listener severity ratings in normal and disordered voice samples. CAPE-V sentence samples and the vowel /a/were elicited from eight normal speakers and 24 patients with varying degrees of dysphonia severity. Samples were analysed for measures of the cepstral peak prominence (CPP), the ratio of low-to-high spectral energy, and their respective standard deviations. Perceptual ratings of overall severity were also obtained for all samples. Results showed that all acoustic variables combined in a four-factor model which correlated with perceived severity with R = 0.81 (R(2) = 0.65). For the vowel /a/, a five-factor model incorporating all acoustic variables and gender correlated with perceived severity with R = 0.96 (R(2) = 0.91). Results indicate that a strong relationship between perceptual and acoustic estimates of dysphonia severity can be achieved in both continuous speech and vowel contexts using a model incorporating spectral/cepstral measures.

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