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J Invest Dermatol. 2010 Dec;130(12):2790-8. doi: 10.1038/jid.2010.222. Epub 2010 Aug 5.

Targeted nanoparticles deliver siRNA to melanoma.

Author information

1
Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.

Abstract

Melanoma is a severe skin cancer that often leads to death. To examine the potential of small interfering RNA (siRNA) therapy for melanoma, we have developed anisamide-targeted nanoparticles that can systemically deliver siRNA into the cytoplasm of B16F10 murine melanoma cells, which express the sigma receptor. A c-Myc siRNA delivered by the targeted nanoparticles effectively suppressed c-Myc expression in the tumor and partially inhibited tumor growth. More significant tumor growth inhibition was observed with nanoparticles composed of N,N-distearyl-N-methyl-N-2-(N'-arginyl) aminoethyl ammonium chloride (DSAA), a guanidinium-containing cationic lipid, than with a commonly used cationic lipid, 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP). Three daily injections of c-Myc siRNA formulated in the targeted nanoparticles containing DSAA could impair tumor growth, and the ED(50) of c-Myc siRNA was about 0.55  mg  kg(-1). The targeted DSAA nanoparticles containing c-Myc siRNA sensitized B16F10 cells to paclitaxel (Taxol), resulting in a complete inhibition of tumor growth for 1 week. Treatments of c-Myc siRNA in the targeted nanoparticles containing DSAA also showed significant inhibition on the growth of MDA-MB-435 tumor. The enhanced anti-melanoma activity is probably related to the fact that DSAA, but not DOTAP, induced reactive oxygen species, triggered apoptosis, and downregulated antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 in B16F10 melanoma cells. Thus, the targeted nanoparticles containing c-Myc siRNA may serve as an effective therapeutic agent for melanoma.

PMID:
20686495
DOI:
10.1038/jid.2010.222
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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